In most agile processes – especially Scrum – do not include a project manager. Active “project manager” roles and responsibilities are shared among others in the project, such as team, scrum master and product owner.
How are agile projects managed?
In agile development, Scrum says a lot about what agile project management is all about. So we can use Scrum as our model to answer this question.
In a Scrum project, there are three roles: Product Owner, Scrum Master and Team.
Responsibility of product owner is for the business aspects of the project, ensuring the right product is structured and in the right order. Balanceing competing priorities, make the team available, and empower them to make decisions about the product makes a good product owner.
He serves as the coach of the Scrum Master team, helping team members work together in the most effective way possible. He considers working together on common project management duties such as providing a service to a good Scrum Master team, removing barriers to improvement, facilitating meetings and discussions, and tracking progress and issues.
The team assumes their roles (as established by the product owner) when determining how to best achieve product goals. The team members collaboratively decide on which tasks to work on, what technical procedures are necessary to achieve specific quality goals, and so on.
So what is “agile” about this process? In this responsibility is divided between more than one team member. In the case of Scrum, it is the product owner of a project, the Scrum Master and the rest of the team.
Where does the Scrum Master fit into the roles and responsibilities of an Agile Project Manager?
In this the world may see Scrum Master as the 21st century version of the project manager. The Scrum Master is not considered the person who credits (or blames) the project’s success (or failure) unlike a traditional project manager. The authority of the Scrum Master only extends to the process.
Scrum Master is an expert in this process, and in using it to make a team to its highest level. Many traditional responsibilities – scope, cost, personnel, risk management – as a project manager does which is not done by Scrum Master.
Who handles routine project manager duties in agile development? Traditional project managers generally assume a larger responsibility. They are responsible for managing the scope, cost, quality, personnel, communication, risk, purchase etc., When a project goes bad, a product manager or customer is told to make a decision / schedule transfer decision, knowing that he or she can second-guess those decisions.
Agile agrees with this position and distributes the responsibilities of the traditional project manager. What is exciting about this new paradigm is that many tasks, such as assignment and daily project decisions, return to the team they belong to.
The responsibility for the purpose and schedule transfer goes to the product owner. Quality management is a shared responsibility between the team, the product owner and the scrum master. Other traditional tasks are distributed among the active project management roles of a team.
Are Agile Projects Measured?
Agile processes such as Scrum are definitely measurable. While the typical Agile program has between five and 20 people in one to three teams, Agile implementation is successful in projects ranging from 200 to 500 – even 1,000 people.
As you would expect, projects of that size should introduce more points of coordination and management than small-scale implementation. To coordinate the tasks of multiple teams, larger projects sometimes include a role called a “project manager”.
It is very helpful to involve someone in the project with this topic or background and we should be mindful of the luggage associated with the project manager title. Even in the largest agile project, the team will still do much project management.
For example, teams decide how to assign tasks, not the project manager; So the role of the project manager becomes a project coordinator. Duties include budget allocation and tracking; Communicating with external stakeholders, contractors and others; Maintain risk survey with guidance from teams, scrum masters and product owners; And many more. This is the role of genuine agile project management.