If you’re thinking of buying a new air compressor for your business, you’re certainly overwhelmed by diverse types and options. And, why won’t you be-the air compressor choice has to make a mark for your business operations?

Now that you have a reciprocating air compressor in mind, you wonder your to-do’s for knowing all about it for meeting your diverse business needs. You’ll have a pretty good idea about determining the best air compressor while reading on this ultimate guide.

What is a Reciprocating Compressor?

Reciprocating compressors are the compressor types that make use of pistons inside them. Each cylinder has a closed-end that lies next to the cylinder head and a movable piston on the other end. The cylinder valves find their location at the bottom of the reciprocating air compressor valve pockets. During the first compression stage, the air moves into the cylinder through a suction valve triggered by the piston’s movement, creating a vacuum.

The piston then reverses the motion and begins to compress air in the process. Once the internal pressure exceeds the discharge pipes pressure, the valves open and allow air out of the cylinder.

What are the Types of Reciprocating Compressors?

Now that you know the compressors’ functionality, you have a few options to consider based on your application. Some of the most common types are:


A single-acting compressor has a basic setup with an inlet and discharge valve. Both these parts have one-way and are loaded with a spring. The inlet valve sucks the air, making the piston move downwards. The discharge valve then opens up after the machine applies sufficient force.

The single-acting air compressor has only one compression cycle for each crankshaft turn. It is majorly because of the presence of valves on the cylinder top. The single-act Reciprocating Air Compressors are the most popular because of their affordability.

Double-Acting Air Compressors:

A double-acting compressor has discharge and inlet valves on either end of the cylinder, resulting in two compression cycles. Their design is kept to make the double-acting reciprocators efficient, which makes them very prominent in the manufacturing process.

The act of finding a double-acting reciprocator, which operates under 100 horsepower, is sporadic. However, the power that comes with that large footprint isn’t efficient, especially because of space consideration significance. Know that these produce a lot of vibration, which needs isolation. Thus, if you’re employing a double-acting air compressor, always ensure it is set on a solid foundation.

Oil-free air compressor

Most people won’t need an oil-free compressor. You only need an oil-free compressor for jobs like spray-painting or breathing air. Also, these compressors are more expensive and require more excellent maintenance, and produce more noise.

If, however, you don’t need 100% oil-free air (mainly industries don’t), then not bothering is the key.

Key Takeaways

When it comes to fulfilling your air compressor needs, it is always vital to work with a trustable company as it helps you save money and brings you better peace of mind. The number one goal of the company of your choice must be to provide maximum value from the compressed air system. Thus, research properly to take a trusted decision.

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