Git in “GitHub”
Before understanding What is GitHub, you should first understand the concept of Git. It is an open-source version control system launched by Linus Torvalds, the same person who made Linux. The other version of the Git is like the control systems Subversion, CVS, and Mercurial, to name a few.
So, the Git is a version control system, so what does this mean? When developers create something (an application, for example), they make constant changes to the code and release new versions even after the first official (non-beta) release.
Version control systems keep these fixes straight and save the changes to the central repository. This process allows developers to collaborate easily because they can download new versions of the software, make changes, and upload a new version. Each developer can view these new changes, download them, and contribute.
Similarly, the files can be downloaded and used by those who haven’t contributed to the development of a project. This process should be familiar with most Linux users. Because using Git, Subversion, or some other similar method is very common for downloading the necessary files especially in preparation for compiling a program from the source code (which is a common practice for Linux geeks).
The Git is the preferred version control system for most developers because it has many advantages over other systems. This saves file changes more efficiently and ensures better file integrity.
“Hub” on GitHub
We have installed the Git as a version control system, which is similar to many other alternatives. So, what makes GitHub so unique? Git is a command-line tool, but the core of everything related to the Git – GitHub.com – is where developers store their projects and network with like-minded people.
Let’s see some of the main reasons geeks want to use GitHub and learn some of the terms.
A repository (commonly abbreviated as “repo”) is where all the files for a specific project are stored. Each project has its own repo, and it can be accessed with a unique URL.
How to fork a Repo?
“Forking” is when you generate a new project based on another existing project. This is a wonderful feature that significantly promotes the further development of projects and other projects. If you find a project in the GitHub that you want to contribute, you can fork the repo, make the necessary changes you want, and release the revised plan as the new repo. If you update the original repository you created to create your new project, you can easily add those updates to your current fork.
Creating Pull requests
You have created a repository, made an excellent revision to the project, and want it to be approved by the original developers. This can be done by generating a pull request. The authors of the original repository can view your work and choose whether to accept it in the official project. Whenever you provide a pull request, GitHub provides the perfect medium for communicating with you and the main project’s caregiver.
GitHub’s social networking feature is probably its most compelling feature, allowing programs to grow more than any other feature offered. Every user on GitHub has their own profile, which acts like a kind of application, which shows up with requests to pull up your past work and contributions to other projects.
Project revisions can be discussed publicly, so many experts can contribute knowledge and collaborate to move a project forward. Prior to the arrival of GitHub, developers interested in contributing to a project should usually find some way to contact teachers probably via email and then convince them that their contributions are legitimate.
When multiple people collaborate on a project, it isn’t easy to keep track of edits – who changed who, when and where those files were stored. GitHub manages this problem by tracking all changes to the repository.
Who can use GitHub?
We spoke on how GitHub is best for programmers, and that has left you thinking that it is useful only for programmers. You can actually use GitHub for any file. Let me explain, if you have a group that makes changes to a word document, you can use GitHub as your version control system. This procedure is not universal because, in most cases, there are better alternatives, but this is something to keep in mind.
Now that you know what GitHub is, are you ready to get started? Go to GitHub.com and check out their help pages after signing up.